Common people cannot buy debenture as they are of high denominations saturday, may 16, 2015 amity universtiy rajasthan 21. The resulting proceeds will be utilized to finance investments in the companys projects and the remaining balance will be used to strengthen working capital. Types of debentures there are various types of debentures like redeemable, irredeemableperpetual, convertible, nonconvertible, fully secured, partly secured, mortgage, unsecured, naked, first mortgaged, second mortgaged, the bearer, fixed, floating rate, coupon rate, zero coupon, secured premium notes, callable, puttable, etc. Rule 1 of the companies share capital and debenture rules. Traditionally, the government issued bonds, but these days, bonds are also being issued by semigovernment and nongovernmental organisations. In a sense, all debentures are bonds, but not all bonds are debentures. Collateral trust debenture and equipment trust debenture. Merger or amalgamation of company with foreign company. Interest out of profit is given on debentures and not the share in profits. This free online tool allows to combine multiple pdf or image files into a single pdf document.
A debenture may, be defined as document issued by the company as an evidence of debt. These debentures are not registered with the company, these are transferable merely by delivery and the debenture holder will get the interest. Select multiple pdf files and merge them in seconds. In corporate finance, a debenture is a medium to longterm debt instrument used by large. These are the debentures that are registered with the company. Under the polish law all kinds of joint venture are notifiable. This interest the company is bound to pay whether the company earns profit or loss. A debenture is an acknowledgement of debts and written promise by the company to repay the loans according to the terms laid down in the document. This is a debenture which can be converted into some other type of securities for example stocks. The amount of such debentures is payable only to those debenture holders.
Our pdf merger allows you to quickly combine multiple pdf files into one single pdf document, in just a few clicks. Types of debentures on the basis of convertibility a. Issue and redemption of debentures 2 prashanth ellina. Contentson the basis of securityon the basis of perfor. These debentures are registered with the company and the amount is payable only to those debentures holders whose names are registered with the company. We know that there are various kinds of instruments commonly called debentures. A debenture is a debt instrument through which a company in a market takes loan from the investors in exchange for a fixed rate of interest. Preferential issue of compulsorily convertible debentures. Redemption of debentures by annual drawinginstalments. Loan is issued to corporates based on their reputation at fixed rate of interest.
A debenture is a document creating security, normally a collection of mortgages andor fixed and floating charges over the borrowers assets when a lender makes a loan to a borrower the lender will also want some form of security in exchange for giving the loan, which is designed to protect the lenders position in the event the borrower fails to repay the loan. That agreement then gives the lender security over the assets subject to that charge, which means that they. The debenture classification is based on their tenure, redemption, mode of redemption, convertibility, security, transferability, type of interest rate, coupon rate, etc. Definition,type and issue of debentures caclubindia. Debentures, respectively, for public distribution with restricted placement and distribution efforts, pursuant to cvm instruction 476 of january 16, 2009, as amended.
These are mediumlong term debt or loans taken by a company to raise capital. Such debentures are paid back only when the company goes into liquidation. Debentures meaning, issue, features, types, advantages, disadvantages the term debenture is derived from the latin word debere which means to owe a debt. Company debenture is one of the important sources of finance for large companies, in addition to equity stocks, bank loans, and bonds. The interest on debenture is a charge on the profit and loss account of the company. Certificates specifying the amount of stock, with coupons for interest attached, are usually issued to the lenders. The procedure of issue of debentures by a company is similar to that of the issue of shares. Debentures being secure investments, returns are less. Merge pdf documents or other files to one pdf file. Interest payable on a debenture is a charge against profit and hence it is a tax deductible expenditure. Each certificate representing i the debentures, ii shares of the companys common stock issued upon conversion of the debentures, or iii any other securities issued in respect of the debentures or the common stock issued upon conversion of the debentures upon any stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization, merger, consolidation or. Gk, general studies, optional notes for upsc, ias, banking, civil services. Debenture stock, loan contract issued by a company or public body specifying an obligation to return borrowed funds and pay interest, secured by all or part of the companys property. Types of debentures basis redemption, convertibility.
A person having the debentures is called debenture holder whereas a person holding the. If in 20, when the redemption is due, debentureholders are allowed to convert the debentures into shares, the relevant amount will be. These debentures are repayable on the on windingup of a company or on the expiry of a long period. Annual premium is rs 60,000 on which return is at 5% p. It is a debt security, under which the issuer owes the holders a debt and, depending on the terms of the bond, is obliged to pay them interest the coupon andor to repay the principal at a later date, termed the maturity interest is usually payable at fixed intervals semiannual, annual. Debentures which are convertible into equity shares or in any other security either at the option of the company or. There are several types of debentures on the basis of security, performance, priority, convertibility and records. Often in the newspapers we can see the terms debentures and bonds used in the same context. Ultimately, a debenture is not like a standard product configured strictly. Debenture is a security issued or allotted to the investor under the seat of the company who become creditors of the compan. Types of amalgamation the institute of chartered accountants of india has introduced accounting standard 14 as 14 on accounting for amalgamations. These debentures are redeemed after the redemption of first debentures. When the price charged is more than its nominal value, a debentures is said to be issued at a premium. Can debentures be converted into shares and viceversa.
The terms debentures and bonds ar e now being used inter changeably. A basic and simplified fixed and floating charge can be viewed here. Definition of transaction for the purpose of merger. Notes on accounting treatment for debenture ii grade. Shares can be either equity share capital or preference share capital whereas, under debt, one of the option company has to issue debentures. Share, debentures or other interest of any member in a company shall be movable property. On 1st january 2002 an insurance policy was taken to provide for redemption of these debentures. Intro to convertible debentures the cash payback period is the number of years it takes for the dollar premium to be recovered through the yield pickup of the debenture. To complicate matters, this is the american definition. Debenture law and legal definition a debenture is a debt instrument evidencing the holders right to receive interest and principal installments from the named obligor. Debentures meaning, issue, features, types, advantages. The distribution of this information memorandum and offer and sale of debentures in certain jurisdictions may be restricted by law.
Debentures the debt instruments business article mba. It does not constitute an offer for sale or solicitation of an offer to buy in any jurisdiction to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation in such state or jurisdiction. The standard recognizes two types of amalgamation amalgamation in the nature of merger is an amalgamation where there is a genuine pooling. A debenture may be defined as an instrument executed by a company under its common seal acknowledging indebtedness to repay the sum at a specified. Premium received on issue of debentures is a capital gain. The terms and conditions of conversion are generally announced at the time. Debentures which are convertible into equity shares or in any other security either at the option of the company or the debenture holders are called convertible debentures. A debenture sometimes called a fixed and floating charge is little more than a written agreement between a lender and a borrower which is filed at companies house. Companies need to follow certain procedures for issue of debentures to raise money. Convertible debentures a primer a convertible debenture is a hybrid financial instrument that has both fixed income and equity characteristics.
These are not secured by any charge against the assets of the company, neither fixed nor floating. Quickly merge multiple pdf files or part of them into a single one. This payment is to be made at the end of the third year. Whether debentures were issued at discount or at premium becomes irrelevant if conversion into shares takes place at the time of redemption of debenture is due. Whenever a bond is unsecured, it can be referred to as a debenture. A company issued 2,000 10% debentures of rs 100 each on 1st january 2002.
The share capital of a company limited by shares shall be of two kinds. The interests of the stockholders may be protected by a trust deed naming a trustee who acts on. Convertible debentures usually have a lower interest rate compared to non. Like ordinary shares, debenture holders will not be regarded as owners of the company and have no voting rights. Debenture holders are the creditors of the company carrying a fixed rate of interest. Debentures, annual return, registration of charges, books of account and their inspection. It is an agreement to be agreed between the corporation and the debenture holders that decides the characteristics of a debenture. Bond is also an instrument of acknowledgement of debt. These securities are repayable after a fixedperiod.
A mortgage bond is one that is secured by a pledge on a specific asset, usually fixed asset, such as plant and equipments. Debentures are creditor ship securities representing longterm indebtedness of a company. As a result, the smaller target company loses its existence as a separate entity. Here in this article we would try to analyze one such commonly heard fixed income instrument by the name debenture. Suppose in 2008 10,00,000 debentures were issued at a discount of 5% with a term of 6 years. Types of debentures debentures are categorized into the following types. The term applies to all forms of unsecured, longterm debt evidenced by a certificate of debt. A statutory merger is one in which all the assets and liabilities of the smaller company is acquired by the bigger acquiring company. The mergers can be classified as follows on the basis of forms of integration. A debenture is an instrument executed by the company under its common seal acknowledging indebtedness to some person or persons to secure the sum advanced. By issuing debentures means issue of a certificate by the company under its seal which is an acknowledgment of debt taken by the compan y. The debenture trustee is an intermediary between the issuer of debentures and the holders ofdebentures.
Convertible debentures these are the debentures that can be converted into shares of the company on the expiry of predecided period. Debentures pay the holders a fixed rate of interest this interest rate is usually lowe. In the financial world, investors are usually on the lookout of regular fixed income on their investments. In its simplest terms, it is a bond that gives the holder the option to convert into an underlying equity instrument at a predetermined price. A company may issue debentures with an option to convert debentures into shares, either wholly or partly at the time of redemption, provided that the issue of debentures with an option to convert such debentures into shares shall be approved by a special resolution passed by the shareholders at a duly convened general meeting of the company. Sebi has given various guidelines for the issue of debentures. Debenture holder definition and meaning collins english. Accordingly the main responsibility of debenture trustee is to protect the interest of debenture holder. Debenture definition, meaning, features, types, videos toppr. Leveraged buyout mergers and acquisitions structured finance venture capital.1203 1006 786 1448 57 1539 1433 133 826 1000 135 1089 1354 833 617 1526 608 141 1306 1314 894 56 891 488 50 131 1492 513 1091 500 986 951 64 1026 361 1301 568